Orofacial myofunctional disorders (OMDs) are inappropriate behaviors and patterns in muscle function and poor habits involving the tongue, lips, jaw, and face. Research indicates that there is a prevalence of 38% in the general population to 81% in children exhibiting speech/articulation problems.
Causes of an OMD
While it is often difficult to pinpoint a single cause of OMD,it can often result from one or more of the following problems:
Improper oral habits including thumb, finger or long-term pacifier sucking and/or sippy cup
Restricted airway due to enlarged tonsils or adenoids; allergies; or chronic nasal obstruction
Structural or physiological abnormalities such as a short lingual frenum (tongue tie) or abnormally large tongue (macroglossia)
Chronic open mouth posture
Neurological or developmental abnormalities
Improper oral habits
Examples of Oromyofunctional Disorders:
Thumb and finger sucking habits
A routine habit of resting with the lips apart
A forward resting posture of the tongue between or against the teeth
Improper oral habits: thumb or finger sucking, cuticle/nail biting, teeth clenching/grinding, and tongue, lip or cheek sucking
How We Can Help:
We work with preschoolers, children and teens to eliminate any improper oral habits and retrain the adaptive patterns of muscle function for chewing, swallowing and speaking.
We work closely with other team members which may include your child’s Dentist, Orthodontist, ENT and other professionals as the need presents to provide your child with the most effective treatment plan and outcomes.