Orofacial myofunctional disorders (OMDs) are inappropriate behaviors and patterns in muscle function and poor habits involving the tongue, lips, jaw, and face. Research indicates that there is a prevalence of 38% in the general population to 81% in children exhibiting speech/articulation problems (Kellum, 1992, Maul et all, 1999).
Our Focus For Remediation:
Habitual Mouth Breathing/Abnormal Breathing
Forward Tongue Posture or Open Lip Posture
Tongue Thrust (incorrect oral phase swallow pattern)
Orthodontic Issues (malocclusion/relapse)
Prolonged Oral Habits (thumb sucking/pacifiers)
Chewing and Swallowing Disorders
Tempromandibular (TMJ) Pain
Articulation Placement Errors
Orofacial Myofunctional Therapists work on re-patterning tongue and muscle movements as well as strengthening and stabilizing orofacial muscles through a variety of exercise-based activities.
What Causes of an OMD?
While it is often difficult to pinpoint a single cause of OMD, it can often result from one or more of the following problems:
Restricted airway due to enlarged tonsils or adenoids; allergies; or chronic nasal obstruction
Prolonged oral habits (thumb/finger sucking, long term pacifier & sippy cup use
Short lingual frenum (tongue tie) or abnormally large tongue (macroglossia)
Chronic open mouth posture
Neurological or developmental abnormalities
Is Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy Effective?
Studies have supported the treatment programs offered for OMDs can be 80-90% effective in remediating abnormal swallowing and oral rest postures and functions with retention over years after treatment completion (Hahn & Hahn, 1992).
We work with all ages (children through adults) to eliminate any improper oral habits and retrain the adaptive patterns of muscle function to support optimal growth and development of the orofacial structures (tongue, mouth, jaw and lips).
We also provide appropriate assessment and collaborative treatment for pre and post frenectomy (ankyloglossia /tongue tie).
We work closely with other team members which may include your Dentist, Orthodontist, ENT and other professionals as the need presents to provide our client with the most effective treatment plan and outcomes.